Is A Thyroglossal Cyst Hard?

What does a Thyroglossal cyst feel like?

Symptoms of a thyroglossal cyst A thyroglossal cyst may cause a round lump in your neck that can be seen, felt, or both.

It can be as small as an inch or less (1 to 2 cm) to as large as 3.9 inches (10 cm).

It may move when you swallow or stick your tongue out..

Can Thyroglossal cyst become cancerous?

This can lead to the formation of a thyroglossal duct cyst that causes a midline neck lump. These cysts can become inflamed leading to pain. The cysts also may contain thyroid tissue that did not descend with the rest of the thyroid gland. Very rarely, this thyroid tissue can develop into a cancer.

What is inside a Thyroglossal duct cyst?

A thyroglossal duct cyst is a mass or lump in the front part of neck that is filled with fluid. While a baby is developing in the womb, the thyroid gland begins at the base of the tongue.

Is it painful to have a cyst removed?

Does a Cyst Removal Hurt? If you can handle the small sting of a shot, you can handle a cyst removal. The doctor first topically numbs the cyst area and then injects Lidocaine. You may feel a slight sting, but that’s the worst part.

When should a Thyroglossal duct cyst be removed?

Thyroglossal duct surgery Your doctor will likely recommend surgery to remove a cyst, especially if it’s been infected or is causing you to have trouble breathing or swallowing. This type of surgery is called the Sistrunk procedure.

Do Thyroglossal duct cysts grow?

Most thyroglossal duct cysts are slow growing, averaging a size of 2–4 cm, but may enlarge rapidly following an upper respiratory tract infection [2].

How long does Thyroglossal cyst surgery take?

During the Sistrunk procedure, a surgeon makes an incision in the front of the neck, over the swelling. They then remove the thyroglossal tract up to its root, including a segment of the hyoid bone. The Sistrunk procedure takes about 90 minutes and usually takes place under general anesthesia.

Does a Thyroglossal cyst have to be removed?

Thyroglossal duct cyst is a congenital malformation that occurs due to incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct. Apart from being a quiescent embryological remnant, it presents itself clinically at any age and often requires surgical excision.

Is Thyroglossal cyst painful?

Thyroglossal cyst usually presents as a midline neck lump (in the region of the hyoid bone) that is usually painless, smooth and cystic, though if infected, pain can occur.

How common are Thyroglossal duct cysts?

Thyroglossal duct cysts (TDC) are the most common congenital midline neck mass. Thyroglossal duct remnants occur in approximately 7% of the population, although only a minority of them ever cause symptoms.

Can Thyroglossal cyst affect thyroid function?

Thyroglossal duct cysts can contain ectopic thyroid tissue, and in some cases this tissue may be the only functional thyroid gland. We present a 6-year-old girl with delayed diagnosis of iatrogenic hypothyroidism that developed following excision of a thyroglossal duct cyst.

Can a Thyroglossal duct cyst come back after surgery?

Following the Sistrunk procedure, the prognosis is usually excellent. About 10% of thyroglossal duct cysts recur after Sistrunk. There is a much higher recurrence rate with simple excision without excising the middle third of the hyoid bone.