Question: What Are The Abnormalities In Urine?

What are some examples of abnormal findings in a urinalysis?

Abnormal results may mean you have an illness, such as:Urinary tract infection.Kidney stones.Poorly controlled diabetes.Bladder or kidney cancer..

What does it mean if you test positive for leukocytes in your urine?

Leukocyte esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine. This may mean you have a urinary tract infection. If this test is positive, the urine should be examined under a microscope for white blood cells and other signs that point to an infection.

What infections can be found in urine?

The most common UTIs occur mainly in women and affect the bladder and urethra.Infection of the bladder (cystitis). This type of UTI is usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. … Infection of the urethra (urethritis).

What signs and symptoms are commonly seen in urinary system disorders?

Common symptoms of urinary disordersAbdominal cramping.Abdominal, pelvic or back pain that can be severe.Bloody or pink-colored urine (hematuria)Cloudy urine.Fever and chills.Foul-smelling urine.Frequent urination.General ill feeling.More items…

What does abnormalities in urine mean?

Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a bad smell. Milky urine may also be caused by bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine.

How do I read my urine test results?

Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•

What shows up in a urine test?

Urine drug testing may screen for multiple substances, including amphetamines, methamphetamines, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, marijuana, cocaine, opiates, PCP, methadone, nicotine, and alcohol.

What is the most common urinary disorder?

The most prevalent issues tend to be infections of the urinary tract, and other common conditions that include kidney stones, incontinence and kidney disease.” While many of the diseases that can affect the urinary tract are easy to manage, they can cause discomfort and pain, and escalate quickly if left untreated.

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

The BladderBladder Cancer.Bladder Diseases.Interstitial Cystitis.Kidney Stones.Ostomy.Overactive Bladder.Urinalysis.Urinary Incontinence.More items…•

What is a positive urine test?

ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.

What Colour should Urine be?

Normal urine color ranges from pale yellow to deep amber — the result of a pigment called urochrome and how diluted or concentrated the urine is. Pigments and other compounds in certain foods and medications can change your urine color.

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine?

Increased white blood cells in urine may indicate: A bacterial urinary tract infection. This is the most common cause of a high white blood cell count in urine. Inflammation of the urinary tract or kidneys.

What are the three common urinary tract problems?

Common problemsBladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.More items…•

What should not be found in urine?

Red blood cells, white blood cells, protein, glucose and amino acids should be kept in the blood. These components should not be present in urine. water and salt is needed by the body and will remain in the blood.

Why is there stuff floating in my pee?

UTIs are a common cause of white particles in the urine. UTIs occur when bacteria get into the urethra and make their way to the bladder, kidneys, or ureter, where they multiply and cause the infection. Less commonly, viruses, parasites, or fungi entering the urinary tract may cause a UTI.

What is normally found in urine?

Urine is an aqueous solution of greater than 95% water. Other constituents include urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine and other dissolved ions, and inorganic and organic compounds. Urea is a non-toxic molecule made of toxic ammonia and carbon dioxide.

What is the normal level of bacteria in urine?

Urine is normally sterile, which means that it contains no bacteria. A small number of bacteria may be found in the urine of many healthy people. This is usually considered to be harmless.