Quick Answer: What Are The Principles Of Infection Prevention?

What are the five basic principles for infection control?

These include standard precautions (hand hygiene, PPE, injection safety, environmental cleaning, and respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette) and transmission-based precautions (contact, droplet, and airborne)..

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What is the goal of infection control?

Infection control program has the main purpose of preventing and stopping the transmission of infections. Specific precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission depending on the microorganism.

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the two ways of prevention of disease?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

How can you prevent viruses in your body?

Apply recognised hygiene measuresAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•

How do you prevent infection in the body?

Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.

What are the two basic principles of prevention of infectious disease?

Hygienic conditions should be maintained in the surroundings we live in. There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions. Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases. Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes.

What are the basic infection control?

Infection control principles and practices for local health agenciesStandard Precautions.Hand Hygiene.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention.Cleaning and Disinfection.Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)Waste Disposal.Safe Injection Practices.

What are the two basic goals of infection control?

The two basic goals of infection control are to protect the patient and health care personnel from infection. Infection control starts with standard precautions. Standard precautions are the methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for preventing the transmission of infections.

How do hospitals manage infection control?

10 Steps to Preventing Spread of Infection in HospitalsWash Your Hands. Hand washing should be the cornerstone of reducing HAIs. … Create an Infection-Control Policy. … Identify Contagions ASAP. … Provide Infection Control Education. … Use Gloves. … Provide Isolation-Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment. … Disinfect and Keep Surfaces Clean. … Prevent Patients From Walking Barefoot.More items…•

What is the aim of infection control?

Infection control in the workplace aims to prevent pathogens being passed from one person to another. The foundation of good infection control is to assume that everyone is potentially infectious.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

Infection Control BasicsDisinfection and sterilization.Environmental infection control.Hand hygiene.Isolation precautions.Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO)Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI)Intravascular catheter-related infection (BSI)Organ transplantation.More items…

What is an infection control plan?

An organized, systematic plan based upon the annual infection control risk assessment that provides the foundation for an effective infection prevention program. Overall. Reduce risk of healthcare-associated infections for all patients, employee, and visitors.

What are the main principles of prevention?

9 Principles of Prevention1 Avoid risks. … 2 Evaluate the risks that can’t be avoided. … 3 Combat risks at the source. … 4 Adapt the work to the individual. … 5 Adapt to technical progress. … 6 Replace the dangerous with the non-dangerous or the less dangerous. … 7 Develop a coherent overall prevention policy.More items…•

What is the basic principle of immunization?

The basic theory of immunization is that the body begins to produce antibodies against it upon administration of the vaccine so that the individual is safe from disease.

How do germs get inside your body?

Germs can get into the body through the mouth, nose, breaks in the skin, eyes and genitals (privates). Once disease-causing germs are inside the body they can stop it from working properly.